SDG 17

Progress on some means of implementation targets is moving rapidly: personal remittances are at an all-time high, an increasing proportion of the global population has access to the Internet and the Technology Bank for the Least Developed Countries has been established. Yet, significant challenges remain: ODA is declining, private investment flows are not well aligned with sustainable development, there continues to be a significant digital divide and there are ongoing trade tensions. Enhanced international cooperation is needed to ensure that sufficient means of implementation exist to provide countries the opportunity to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals.

Recent research at the School of Global Policy and Strategy

Technological transformations open new opportunities and disrupt old patterns. Founded in 2006, Center on Global Transformation (CGT) provides a new framework for vanguard exploration of topics critical to analyzing and shaping the forces of economic change in a deeply interconnected, thoroughly dynamic world. CGT and its Pacific Leadership Fellows program focus on academic inquiry and policy analysis of international issues. CGT’s core mission is to: Foster and disseminate research that addresses global economic and technology transformation Develop and maintain a network…
The mission of the UC San Diego Deep Decarbonization Initiative is to help guide a transition in the global economy toward net-zero carbon emissions. Our aim is to help real societies link the best science and technology with politically realistic economic strategies for putting new energy systems into place on the scale required to make a difference in global carbon emissions while meeting the energy needs of all of humanity. To accomplish this goal, we pursue research from the…
The Japan Forum for Innovation and Technology (JFIT) bridges Japan and San Diego by offering information and introductions to businesses and policymakers across the Pacific. As part of San Diego’s larger push to build stronger connections with Japan, UC San Diego’s School of Global Policy and Strategy has established JFIT as a hub for interaction, exchange and collaboration, through research projects, conferences, networking events and global education programs. JFIT also provides regular information and discussion groups on the UC…
The Policy Design and Evaluation Lab (PDEL) is an international focal point for rigorous empirical research on the interplay of public policy, technology, and economic development. PDEL combines advanced social science methodology with the power of information technology to design policies and programs that alleviate poverty; promote health, welfare, and security; and enhance accountability. Why PDEL? UC San Diego and its scholars are at the leading edge of a movement to develop a new class of solutions to some of…
The time is now for real-time data on the Sustainable Development Goals. What is SDGs Today? SDGs Today aims to provide a snapshot of the state of sustainable development around the world right now, while enabling users to access and engage with real-time and timely data on sustainable development, obtain GIS training and resources, and learn how to use the data effectively to drive action on the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and its set of 17 Sustainable Development Goals…
In order to achieve zero carbon emissions, the US will need a plan. SDGPI is part of a coalition of the nation’s leading experts who have laid out the path forward to reach zero carbon emissions in the United States by 2050. Read the Report Actionable national strategy for a just transition to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. Climate change represents a profound policy challenge to America and the world – requiring a response at a sweeping scale…
The SDSN is a network of global development leaders created in 2012 by former UN Secretary General Ban Ki Moon and is charged with the implementation of the 17 Sustainable Development Goals and the Paris Climate Agreement Where do we come in? The SDSN USA is hosted by three research universities: Yale, Columbia and UCSD. Together these universities, along with a network of more than 100 higher education institutions from nearly every state are at the core of the…
Today’s global food and land-use systems are not meeting the needs of food security, healthy diets, adequate incomes for farmers,  zero emissions, protection of biodiversity, chemical pollution and sustainable use of water resources. Countries need to understand how to fix their land-use and food systems while considering the impacts on other countries. Overview FABLE mobilizes scientific teams from countries around the world to inform their governments’ policy choices on land use. The consortium pursues three objectives: Capacity development and…

RESEARCH

David Victor and Gordon McCord

The Zero Carbon Action Plan (ZCAP) will serve as a roadmap for the U.S. based on the latest modeling, research and understanding of decarbonizing six key sectors (power, transport, industry, buildings, food and land use, and materials) supported by technical pathways to zero carbon by 2050, as well as supporting policy recommendations. The ZCAP was designed by a cohort of nearly 100 researchers and 19 Chairs who make up the Zero Carbon Consortium, who are experts in their fields of climate change policy; clean energy pathways modeling; industrial policy high-employment green economies; legislative and regulatory policy; electricity (power) generation; transportation; industry; buildings; sustainable land-use; and sustainable materials management.

RESEARCH

Nico Ravanilla

This paper is based on a randomized field experiment among 569 youth interested in running for the Sangguniang Kabataan (Village Youth Council)-an elective post that serves as a jump-off point for a political career in the Philippines. Five years later, it was found that those with high public service motivation and high-aptitude and were assigned to a workshop with awards conditional on performance were encouraged to remain in politics.

2020

RESEARCH

John Ahlquist

Most research on private governance examines the design and negotiation of particular initiatives or their operation and effectiveness once established, with relatively little work on why firms join in the first place. We contribute to this literature by exploring firms’ willingness to participate in two recent, high-profile private initiatives established in the aftermath of the Rana Plaza disaster in the Bangladesh ready-made garment (RMG) sector: the Accord on Building and Fire Safety and the Alliance for Worker Safety in Bangladesh. We are able to positively attribute only a minority of US RMG imports from Bangladesh to Accord and Alliance signatories. Firms headquartered in the USA were much less likely to sign onto remediation plans, especially the Accord.

RESEARCH

Ulrike Schaede

San Diego’s innovation ecosystem offers new business opportunities for Japanese companies due to its close match to Japanese core industrial strengths, such as engineering, production technologies and infrastructure solutions. To be successful in San Diego, as compared to Silicon Valley, companies are advised to adopt a longer term investment horizon, an interest in future technologies that straddle existing industry borders, and the willingness to become an integral player in San Diego’s investment and startup community through immersion and inclusion.

2020

RESEARCH

Kate Ricke

This paper estimates the country-level contributions to the social cost of carbon (SCC) using recent climate model projections, empirical climate-driven economic damage estimations and socio-economic projections. Central specifications show high global SCC values (median, US$417 per tonne of CO2 (tCO2); 66% confidence intervals, US$177–805 per tCO2) and a country-level SCC that is unequally distributed.

RESEARCH

Rafael Fernández de Castro

The United States and Mexico face a powerful onslaught of criminal activity damaging both countries. They need to step up cooperation now. U.S. threats are counterproductive. What if Mexico threatened a 25 percent tariff on American corn and soybeans unless U.S. citizens stopped providing the estimated $19-29 billion in drug sale profits each year to Mexican criminal groups? Or, what if Mexico threatened to impose tariffs on American pork until the United States stops the illegal flow of automatic weapons and ammunition across the shared border?

2019

RESEARCH

Rafael Fernández de Castro

Over the more than two decades of free trade between Mexico and the United States (1994-2018), there has been an important alignment between the countries on strategic and security matters. This paper provides a road map for U.S.-Mexico bilateral cooperation on security matters for the next six years, under the presidency in Mexico of Andrés Manuel López Obrador. It offers concrete and implementable policy recommendations for the current context of U.S.-Mexican relations. Our recommendations for advancing Mexican and U.S. interests and promoting effective cooperation broadly fall into three categories of joint policy action: (1) aligning policy objectives, (2) deepening subnational cooperation, and (3) addressing chronic irritants.

RESEARCH

Susan Shirk

The United States and China are on a collision course. The foundations of goodwill that took decades to build are rapidly breaking down. Many American opinion makers are starting to see China as a rising power seeking to unfairly undercut America’s economic prosperity, threaten its security, and challenge its values, while their Chinese counterparts are starting to see the United States as a declining power seeking to prolong its dominance by unfairly containing China’s rise.

RESEARCH

David Victor

One of the most significant impacts of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has been the establishment of a participatory process for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+). We analyse the case of Brazil, the country whose land-use emissions from deforestation and forest degradation have declined the most. Through semi-structured interviews with 29 country policy experts – analysed in full text around 7 categories of activities that existing literature identifies as central elements of an effective governance system – we find weak links between the international REDD+ system and what actually happens on the ground inside Brazil.

RESEARCH

Victor Shih

Contrary to research on the tradeoff between competence and loyalty, the model in this paper shows that when threats to an authoritarian regime are existential and purges are an option, the dictator will always prefer to employ a competent lieutenant. However, in accordance with the existing literature, credible institutions to ensure the welfare of ousted officials do, indeed, reduce the chance of internal conflict.

RESEARCH

Weiyi Shi

This paper argues that the strategies firms employ to cope with political risks in authoritarian countries are often, due to a lack of institutionalized political access and credible commitments in those countries, extra-institutional; they require the accumulation of country-specific knowledge and political capital, and thus, are not easily transferable. Therefore, we expect that emerging-market multinational corporations from authoritarian countries do not favor other autocracies and are sensitive to political risks in host countries.

2018

RESEARCH

Emilie Hafner-Burton

A growing number of developed country governments link good governance, including human rights, to developing countries’ access to aid, trade, and investment. We consider whether governments enforce these conditions sincerely, in response to rights violations, or whether such conditions might instead be used as a veil for protectionist policies, motivated by domestic concerns about import competition. We argue that the two-tiered structure of the GSP privileges some domestic interests at one level, while disadvantaging them at the other.

RESEARCH

The rise of China as a cybersecurity industrial power: balancing national security, geopolitical, and development priorities

Tai Ming Cheung

The US and China can mitigate strategic competition in cyberspace by building channels of cybersecurity cooperation through dialogue and joint action in areas where their interests align.

2018

Journal of Cyber Policy

RESEARCH

Peter Cowhey

Many researchers around the world are working to apply gene editing technologies with the hope of safely and effectively engineering populations of insects and other pest arthropods in the wild either to reduce diseases, such as malaria or dengue fever, or to control agricultural pests, such as those that transmit the bacterium that causes citrus greening disease. Important benefits could be realized if these research efforts are successful, but realizing these benefits requires sustained, open, and inclusive attention to potential environmental and social impacts and regulatory and implementation challenges.

RESEARCH

Peter Cowhey

US markets are more open to foreign imports than those of other TPP members. TPP would level the playing field for US firms in foreign markets. Increased export growth could deliver real rising wages, affecting over 150,000 high-wage jobs in the region’s manufacturing and innovation sectors.   The region’s service sector – generally non-traded industries accounting for 87 percent of total employment – is insulated from foreign competition

RESEARCH

David Victor

Global warming is one of today’s greatest challenges. The science of climate change leaves no doubt that policies to cut emissions are overdue. Yet, after twenty years of international talks and treaties, the world is now in gridlock about how best to do this. David Victor argues that such gridlock has arisen because international talks have drifted away from the reality of what countries are willing and able to implement at home. Most of the lessons that policymakers have drawn from the history of other international environmental problems won’t actually work on the problem of global warming. Victor argues that a radical rethinking of global warming policy is required and shows how to make international law on global warming