SDG 2

Hunger is on the rise again globally and undernutrition continues to affect millions of children. Public investment in agriculture globally is declining, smallscale food producers and family farmers require much greater support and increased investment in infrastructure and technology for sustainable agriculture is urgently needed.

Recent research at the School of Global Policy and Strategy

Technological transformations open new opportunities and disrupt old patterns. Founded in 2006, Center on Global Transformation (CGT) provides a new framework for vanguard exploration of topics critical to analyzing and shaping the forces of economic change in a deeply interconnected, thoroughly dynamic world. CGT and its Pacific Leadership Fellows program focus on academic inquiry and policy analysis of international issues. CGT’s core mission is to: Foster and disseminate research that addresses global economic and technology transformation Develop and maintain a network…
Today’s global food and land-use systems are not meeting the needs of food security, healthy diets, adequate incomes for farmers,  zero emissions, protection of biodiversity, chemical pollution and sustainable use of water resources. Countries need to understand how to fix their land-use and food systems while considering the impacts on other countries. Overview FABLE mobilizes scientific teams from countries around the world to inform their governments’ policy choices on land use. The consortium pursues three objectives: Capacity development and…

RESEARCH

Jennifer Burney

The yields of most perennials show a significant negative response to ambient ozone, ranging from −2% for strawberries to −22% for table grapes, implying total losses of roughly US$1 billion per year. Historical improvements in California’s air quality may have had large, unaccounted co-benefits for the state’s perennial crop yields, and further pollution reduction could create additional gains.

RESEARCH

Craig McIntosh

This study presents the results of an experiment introducing commercial rainfall index insurance into drought-prone farming cooperatives in Amhara Region, Ethiopia. We provided a market-priced rainfall deficit insurance product through producer cooperatives, and test a number of potential ways to kick-start private demand. Take-up of the insurance at market prices is very low, between 0.5% and 3% across seasons. When we use a randomized experiment to distribute small free insurance contracts to farmers, 39% of subsidized individuals enroll but this fails to stimulate input use, yields, or income, and nor does it enhance demand in subsequent seasons. A training and promotion on the product improves uptake and willingness to pay, but also does not improve farming outcomes.

RESEARCH

Gordon McCord

This first report by the FABLE Consortium presents preliminary pathways towards sustainable land-use and food systems prepared by the 18 country teams from developed and developing countries, including the European Union. The aim of these pathways is to determine and demonstrate the technical feasibility of making land-use and food systems sustainable in each country. They can also inform mid-century low-emission development strategies under the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

RESEARCH

Craig McIntosh

This study was designed to ‘benchmark’ a major USAID-funded child malnutrition program against what would have occurred if the cost of the program had simply been disbursed directly to people to spend as they see fit. The results indicate that programs targeted towards driving specific outcomes can do so at a lower cost than cash, but large cash transfers drive substantial benefits across a wide range of impacts, including many of those targeted by the more tailored program.

2018

RESEARCH

Gordon McCord

This paper estimates the role of agronomic inputs in cereal yield improvements and the consequences for countries’ processes of structural change. It is estimated that a half-ton increase in staple yields generates a 14 to 19 percent higher GDP per capita. Five years after the increase in staple yields, there is an estimated 4.6 to 5.6 percentage point lower labor share in agriculture.

RESEARCH

Gordon McCord

Integrating HIV and nutrition programming leads to a positive impact on health outcomes. A small-scale pilot program that integrated HIV and nutrition service delivery, Malawi’s program had a cost-effectiveness of $11–29 per disability-adjusted life year, while Mozambique saw a cost effectiveness of $16–59 per disability-adjusted life year.